Primăria Sâniob județul Bihor


Monographical data


Until the appearance of the writing skills and of the written proof, people have used material proof given by the archeologists, in order to learn about the history of mankind.
On the territory of Ciuhoi there hasn't been made any archeological excavations or any other kind of researches by now, which would present the material and spiritual life of the population in ancient history.

According to the material clues that have been excavated by the archeologists in Bihar County and in other territories that are close to Ciuhoi, it can be affirmed that also this area was populated in the ancient history. In the 2 nd and 3 rd centuries A.C. – while Dacia had been populated by the Romans – Bihar County was inhabited by the free Dacians. This population existed here even in the 4 th and 5 th centuries but under the powerful influence of the Daco-Romans, thus in the latest centuries of the 1 st millennial the process of the formation of the Romanian people and language has come to an end.
In the same period appeared the feudal relationships and the feudal political organizations. Thus in the 10 th century, among the political formations in Transylvania appeared the so called “Crişul Country” led by the “duke” Menumorut; it contained several village communities by the rivers and basins of this area.
The monarchy led by Menumorut had the center in the Castle of Bihar , the residence of the monarchy.